In the battle of liberation in Shanghai, there were 7,785 martyrs.Among them, the PLA pointed out 7612 warriors, with a total of 408 martyrs and above. In order to welcome the Shanghai Liberation Sacrifice (limited to January to May 1949), there were 100 local martyrs; 72 cadres and martyrs before the army.The oldest 62 years old, the youngest 16 years old.Revolutionary martyrs exchanged their own blood and life to the new life of Shanghai. We must always remember them …
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China and the 72nd anniversary of Shanghai Jiefang and New China.Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, Shanghai has gone through the great historical process of the socialist revolution and reform and opening up. It has undergone tremendous changes and made a significant contribution to the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.On the occasion of the commemorative day of the martyr, we deeply remembered the revolutionary martyrs who contributed to liberating Shanghai.
The Shanghai Campaign was the largest city tackling in the history of our war in the Third Field Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.First of all, a total of 408 martyrs and above the PLA.The oldest is 48 years old, the youngest is 18 years old, with an average of 28.9 years.According to preliminary statistics, of the 408 martyrs, 329 people enrolled before the War of Liberation, of which 188 old soldiers were veterans, accounting for 57.1%.There are 7 regimental cadres and 4 old soldiers of the New Fourth Army; the 29th Army 87th Division 259th Regiment Hu Wenjie, Zhang Zhiming, Director of the Military Supply Division of the Logistics Department of the 20th Army, Wang Shiran, deputy head of the 262th regiment of the 30th Army,Wang Qingfu, deputy head of the 31st Army 93 Division 278th Regiment, Shi Feng, Chief of Staff of the 226th Regiment of the 26th Army 76th Division, Wang Li, Director of the Political Department of the 29th Army 85th Division, Yao Zengand.58 cadres, 24 new soldiers of the New Fourth Army; 268 cadres and 160 old soldiers of the New Fourth Army.
Hu Wenjie (1916-1949), native of Danyang, Jiangsu.In 1938, he joined the New Fourth Army, a member of the Communist Party of China, and the head of the 259th regiment of the 87th Division of the 29th Army. He was the highest among the PLA martyrs who sacrificed in the battle of Shanghai.On May 15, 1949, Hu Wenjie led two battalions into Yuepu Town. After a fierce lane war, the enemy forces were expelled.The enemy -shore guns and guns were devastated in Yuepu Town. The aircraft bombed more than 200 times. The infantry had repeatedly counterattack under the cover of the tank.Hu Wenjie led a fierce tug -of -war and combat, giving the enemy a fatal blow.Suddenly, the enemy artillery shells hit the regiment command post. Hu Wenjie’s 7 shot was shot, and he was unfortunately sacrificed.
Wang Li (1917-1949) Jurongren, Jiangsu, joined the New Fourth Army in 1939, member of the Communist Party of China, and director of the Political Division of the 29th Army 85th Division.Before the Battle of the River, he just married his nursing nurse Shi Mulan, and Shi Mulan was pregnant.On May 14, he led the two battalions to attack the month of the month, caught in a dangerous situation of the enemy.He commanded the troops to fight stubbornly, and unfortunately sacrificed heroically.In just one day, there were hundreds of casualties and 15 cadres who sacrificed the cadres.
Chen Dasheng (1923-1949) Wuxi, Jiangsu, joined the New Fourth Army in 1942, member of the Communist Party of China, and the 29th Army’s 87th Division 259th Regiment 3 Battalion.In the lane battle in Yuepu Town, he led the department to fight against the enemy. In the enemy tank and violent artillery counterattack, Chen Dasheng and the deputy instructor Xue Jingcheng and the 2 battalion instructor Sheng Changhong died.
Zhang Yong (1926-1949) Qidong, Jiangsu.In 1944, he joined the New Fourth Army, a member of the Communist Party of China, and an associate instructor of the 360th Regiment of the 29th Army.In the battle of Yuepu, in the face of the attack of the four enemies and infantry, he was injured and rushed out of the trenches. He used a grenade to blew the enemy’s tank and presented his precious life.On May 9th, he wrote in the letter to Hu Xingye, who was two months of wedding, "" In the final battle, I firmly believe that it will be able to win, but it is also hard and cruel, but I am not afraid. I will contribute everything to me to this.Fighting for permanent peace and happiness. "
We must not forget, there are many unknown martyrs!For example: On May 20th, the 5th company of the 275th Regiment of the 31st Army 92nd Division sacrificed nearly 50 people in the battle of Pudong Zei Si Temple.On the 21st, the enemy’s aircraft cannon bombed madly, and the five companies fought fiercely with the enemy.Dang Dang, there are only 11 people left in the total of more than 190 people.Class 3 is a "little ghost class", and 11 little soldiers are less than 18 years old.Lian Wang Tingfa dug it with his fingers on the position covered by the enemy artillery. He dug out the remains of 11 little soldiers, carefully viewed one by one, and buried them with tears.Then, the 8 connection replaced the 5 consecutive positions.The next day, more than 800 shells fell on the position, and 8 consecutive strikes retreated the enemy multiple attacks.In the evening, there were only 39 people left in more than 150 people.Many of these sacrifice martyrs have not left their names.
Secondly, a total of 100 local martyrs who welcomed the sacrifice of Shanghai Liberation (limited to January to May 1949).The oldest is 62 years old and the youngest is 20 years old.Average 29.2 years.
The personnel are divided into three categories, and the first category is 68 members of the Communist Party and the revolutionary Zhishi.Among them, 32 people were sent to Shanghai from the New Fourth Army and the China -China Anti -Japanese Base to work to work underground, accounting for 32%.like:
Li Bai (1910-1949), a native of Liuyang City, Hunan, joined the party in 1925, and joined the autumn uprising in 1927.In 1934, after studying the Radio School of the Central Military Commission, he served as the director and political commissar of the Radio Station.In 1937, he was sent to Shanghai to set up a secret radio station.He was arrested in 1942. After being rescued by many parties, he went to Zhejiang and other places to engage in the work of the party.In 1945, he was re -sent to Shanghai to set up a secret radio station.He was arrested on December 30, 1948, and died on May 7, 1949.
On May 30, 1949, Chen Yi received a telegram from Li Kenong, the Minister of the Central Intelligence Department, and asked to find the whereabouts of a comrade named Li Jing’an (that is, Li Bai).It was found that Li Bai had sacrificed.Chen Yi wrote in a call back: "Blood debt should be repaid with blood! The counter -revolutionaries of martyr Li Bai, we must ask them to repay the hematopoietic debt!" On June 20, 1949, the personnel of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau in the Qijia Temple in PudongDigging out 12 martyrs, including Li Bai.In September 1950, the Kuomintang agent Ye Danqiu was arrested and explained the crimes such as Li Bai and Qin Hongjun.On January 13, 1951, Ye Danqiu was sentenced to death.In September 2009, Li Bai was rated as a hero who made outstanding contributions to the founding of New China.
Shen Dingfa (1906-1949), a native of Chongming, Shanghai, participated in the revolution in 1927.During the War of Resistance Against Japan, he was the director of the Political Training Office of the Chongming Anti -Japanese Self -Defense Corps, the head of the 6th regiment of the No. 6 regiment of the New Fourth Army’s Quartet of the Quartet of the New Fourth Army, and the head of the Chongming Guards Regiment.Later, he was sent to Shanghai and other places to engage in underground work.He was arrested on May 14, 1949.On May 24th, the head of the military special agent, Moson, killed nine Communists such as Shen Dingfa in the Shanghai Police General Administration.After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the spirit of Shen Dingfa martyrs was buried next to the Chongming Xinhe Martyrs Memorial Tower.
Zhang Shouzhai (1914-1949), a native of Haiti, Zhejiang, Zhang Chengzong, secretary of the Shanghai Underground Party Organization of the Communist Party of China.He joined the party in 1937.The following year, he entered the anti -Japanese base of the Jiangnan enemy to participate in the fight against the enemy. He was the editor -in -chief of the semi -monthly magazine of the special authority of the New Fourth Army Jiang Anti -East Road Special Committee. In the winter of 1939, he returned to Shanghai for underground struggle.After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, he was responsible for the leadership of the party’s secret radio station.He was captured on March 19, 1949 and was killed on May 7.
Qin Hongjun (1911-1949), from Yinan, Shandong.He joined the Communist Youth League in 1926 and turned into a member of the Communist Party of China in 1927.In 1936, he went to the Soviet Union to study radio technology, and then set up a secret radio station in Shanghai.He has traveled to Shanghai and northern Jiangsu three times and completed the establishment of underground radio stations and transportation intelligence tasks.He was arrested on March 17, 1949 and was killed on May 7.The Martyr Memorial Hall of Longhua displayed the hero’s deeds and relics of the heroes of the Martyrs of Qin Hongjun.
The second category is 21 of the Kuomintang army and police in the police.Such as: Zhang Quan (1899-1949), a native of Wuqiang, Hebei, graduated from the Japanese Non -Official School.He was the position of company commander, staff, section commander, deputy division commander, guerrilla commander of the first theater, and the chief of the Teachers Corps.It is closely related to Zhou Enlai, Dong Biwu, Ye Jianying, etc., providing information on the PLA many times.Prior to the Cross River Battle, they sent people to send "Enemies along the river, and work of work in work" to the front line of our army.On the eve of the liberation of Shanghai, he was appointed by our party and served as the commander -in -chief of the Shanghai Uprising Army. He was arrested on May 15th due to the leak of the situation and was calm on the 21st.
Chen Erjin (1911-1949), native of Taiyuan, Shanxi, eight students from Huangpu Military Academy.Affected by Wang Manxia, a member of the Communist Party of China, joined the Communist Party of China, and later had a relationship with the Shanghai Bureau of the Communist Party of China.In 1948, he served as Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff of the 13th Division of the Kuomintang Army.In January 1949, he was commissioned by our party to actively prepare to make up the uprising in the Kuomintang army.In early May, the couple was arrested and imprisoned for the traitor betrayed.On May 19th, Chen Erjin helped the pregnant wife and 14 other Communist Party members heroic, and blood became popular in the Northern Song Park.
The third category is 11 democratic parties who fight against the Kuomintang reactionary rule.Such as: Zeng Wei (1912 ~ 1949) Huiyang, Guangdong.In 1935, he joined the China National Liberation Action Commission to support the party’s cooperation with the Chinese Communist Party, organize the people’s self -defense forces, and actively resist Japan.In 1946, he was elected as the Central Executive Committee of the Agricultural and Industry Party and served as the chairman of the Shanghai Party Department to insist on carrying out the patriotic democratic movement.Later, he was forced to go to Hong Kong because of special follow -up.In March 1949, he resolutely returned to Shanghai regardless of personal safety.On April 5th, he was arrested while studying and cooperating with the PLA’s crossing the river and the anti -Kuomintang forces uprising.He was killed on May 21, and was buried in Longhua Martyrs Cemetery after liberation.
Third, there are 72 cadres and martyrs who follow the army.The oldest is 55 years old, the youngest is 19 years old, with an average of 39.9 years.8 cadres and 64 migrant workers.Among them, 43 people came from the New Fourth Army and the Central China Anti -Japanese Base, accounting for about 60%.For example: Xu Nong (1917 ~ 1949), a native of Yishui, Shandong, joined the party in 1939.The former secretary of the district party committee did a lot of work for the development of the party’s organization, and repeatedly led the district squadron to attack the Japanese stronghold at night to eliminate the enemy.In April 1949, he participated in the Southern Lower Cadre Brigade, followed the army to work in the new liberation area, led party members and the masses, established party organizations and mass groups, and carried out the struggle for land reform.The remaining forces of the Kuomintang colluded with bandits, harassing destruction, assassination, and looting. He repeatedly led local armed forces to cooperate with the PLA’s main force for bandits, unfortunately sacrificed.
In order to sacrifice aspirations, dare to change to the sun and the moon.In order to establish a New China, how many martyrs, the shackles are locking higher, beheading only as the wind blowing caps; how many heroes, guns and rains are not afraid, and it is difficult to move forward forever.They used blood to pour ideals and defend their faith with their lives.General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "The light of the ideal is immortal, and the light of faith is immortal. We must remember the wishes of the martyrs, and never forget the great ideal of sacrificing them for their bleeding."The lofty mission given us by the times.
The revolutionary martyrs’ ideals and beliefs, revolutionary spirit and noble sentiments fully reflect the original intention of the old Chinese Communists, represent the spiritual brand of a country and nation, and leave us the most precious spiritual wealth.Don’t forget your original intention, keep in mind the mission, and under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, we will work tirelessly for the comprehensive construction of a socialist modern country in the new era.
Author: Liu Su Min (Chairman of the Historical Research Association of Shanghai New Fourth Army)
Edit: Liu Liyuan