The most expensive wine in the world is called "drinking during pregnancy", and you can’t afford the price of fetal alcohol syndrome.

In the past two days, the Chinese Internet was disappeared by Cambridge University about the disappearance of cancer caused by drinking damage DNA.However, there are many human carcinogenic factors. For many other factors, the absolute risk of alcoholic cancer is much lower.

As far as the health hazards of drinking, carcinogenic is far less than that of acute alcohol poisoning, drunk accidental death and damage, addiction, alcoholic liver damage and alcoholic encephalopathy.

However, drinking is extremely huge, and it is not known for most people. There are very few domestic public propaganda for its harm, and you need to warn everyone repeatedly.

That is, drinking during pregnancy (pre -pregnancy and entire pregnancy) causes fetal alcohol damage, severe cause of brain structure and function, and damage to skull facial and other parts. It can directly produce silly children, calling the fetus alcohol syndrome.Coupled with the lighter state of other series, it is collectively called the fetal alcoholic score.

What’s more, even a small amount of drinking can bring this disaster.

However, as long as one year of pregnancy is eliminated, 100%can prevent unfortunate occurrence.

It can be said that "drinking during pregnancy" is the most expensive wine in the world. You can’t afford it at this price.

Drinking during pregnancy to the fetal central nervous nerve and body during pregnancy is comprehensive and full -time, so it is manifested as different degrees (1) slow growth, (2) characteristic facial appearance, and (3) series of neurotic dysfunction seriesSyndrome is called fetal alcoholic score disorder (FASD).

FASD can be divided into: according to the damage site and degree:

1 Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), the alcohol in the mother’s blood during pregnancy enters the baby cycle through the umbilical cord blood vessels. Mothers during pregnancy must understand such a fact: when you drink, you are essentially filled your baby who has not yet been born.Due to the extremely fragile fetal tissue organs and lack of alcohol metabolism, it is particularly vulnerable to alcoholic poisoning, especially nerve tissues.

The death of fetus is the most serious result of drinking for pregnant women. FAS is the worst situation of living babies exposed during pregnancy.It is manifested as three aspects:

The characteristic face, including the smooth position of the person, thin upper lip and small eyelids.

Growth and development disorders are manifested as height, weight, or normal value of children in the same age group (less than 10 percentage levels).

The central nervous problem, the structure can be manifested as a small head deformity, the imaging has changed significantly in the brain tissue, and the functional aspects can be cognitive obstacles (low IQ), attention, exercise, language, or learning obstacles.Learning and social skills disorder.FAS is usually found at the beginning of birth.The diagnosis requires the characteristics of the above three aspects. The exposure of alcohol during pregnancy is not necessary.

2 parts of FAS, part of the FAS part.In terms of diagnosis, alcohol exposure during pregnancy is required. There are two types of appearance characteristics, and at the same time, there are slow growth or dysfunction of nerve behavior.

3 Alcohol -related neurological disorders (ARND), some babies exposed during pregnancy may have no physical development and characteristic face, and only central nervous development disorders such as intellectual obstacles, behaviors and learning.

The central nervous nerve injury evidence includes structural, nerve function or functional behavior disorders.It is reflected in the difficulties of school learning, especially mathematics, memory, attention, judgment, execution, language, sports skills, multi -sensory integration functions, and social exchanges have certain obstacles.These children usually find problems until a certain age, and get diagnosis, especially in school age.

4 Alcohol -related birth defects (ARBD) refers to the congenital abnormalities of the heart, kidney, bones, ears, and eyes related to the exposure of alcohol exposure during pregnancy.The above abnormalities can exist separately or in combination.Therefore, it is often difficult to determine the diagnosis in the early days, and even the correct diagnosis of the life.

reason

Very clear that drinking during pregnancy is the only reason for FASD.

Alcohol causes FASD to have the following characteristics:

Drinking during pregnancy does not have a safe dose standard.Although, severe PAS is usually related to drinking a lot of drinking during pregnancy.However, due to the fragility of the fetus, even if a small amount of alcohol during pregnancy can cause damage.

There is no safe drinking time throughout pregnancy.Without the entire pregnancy until after birth, the nervous system is in the development stage, which is sensitive to alcohol, and exposure can cause damage at any time.

There is no safe wine variety during pregnancy.Because alcohol caused by damage, all types of alcoholic drinks are dangerous, including red wine and beer with low alcohol content.

prevention

FASD is 100%prevented.Prevention measures are to prevent drinking during pregnancy, including any dose, any variety and any time.

In terms of time, in addition to the known pregnancy, even women who have a fertility plan should prevent drinking at all times.Because most of the pregnancy is outside the plan (about 50%of developed countries, and even 80%of developing countries).If you do not completely eliminate drinking, the fetus is likely to be poisoned by alcohol 4 to 6 weeks before pregnancy.

If a woman drinks during pregnancy, it is not too late to stop drinking at any time.Because the brain growth and development run through the entire pregnancy.Of course, the sooner the stop drinking, the better.

In general, as long as the expectant mothers do not drink during pregnancy, FASD can be completely prevented.In order to have a healthy baby, why should you take this risk?Isn’t it just not drinking for 1 year.

Or some people don’t take it for granted, thinking that the author is sensational.

Many communities on the Internet have related themes.Many netizens have doubts about the authenticity of FASD.

Among them, many people say things with their own experience.For example, say:

"My baby is pregnant after drinking, now X years old, I haven’t seen any problems at all."

You know, medical cases are usually not evidence.A large number of medical research evidence can tell you whether Fasd is real.

In fact, humans have long known for FASD.As early as the "Bible" and Aristotle on women during pregnancy, a lot of drinks have a problem with the baby.In the early 18th century, the birth of a large number of problems in the Du Songzi wine trend of Britain had issued special documents in 1726 in 1726. In 1899, there were also records of prison female prisoners’ alcoholism.

However, the medical community really realized that Fasd was postponed to the 20th century.In 1968 and 1973, French and two doctors in France and the United States independently described FASD.In 1996, the American Institute of Medical Research officially established FASD as a series of disease syndrome, which are divided into the above four types.

FASD has received the attention of the medical community just in recent years.

In September 2013, the first international meeting of FASD was held in Canada. The conference passed the prevention of the FASD International Charter. It strongly called on the international community to pay attention to and take emergency actions to prevent FASD.

To this day, FASD has not attracted universal attention. Most people, including most doctors who lack basic understanding of it, are more difficult to pay attention to, it is no wonder that the general public knows the vagueness of this.

Fasd’s evidence is sufficient.

In addition to the observation of human epidemiology, the main evidence comes from animal experiments.

Scientists have simulated the damage to almost all types of body and nervous systems in animal models (mainly rodents’ rats and mice).

Specifically reflected in learning, exercise skills suppression, attention, and social communication obstacles.

Animal studies have also confirmed that alcohol exposure in the uterus and early birth (equivalent to the late human pregnancy) causes small head deformities, affecting the new leather of the brain, hippocampus, cerebellum, base nerve festival, and bodies.

The experiment observed that every step of alcohol interference in the development of the central nervous system has begun to be seen in the initial neurological formation stage of central nervous development.

The first critical period is the stage of embryonic nervous tube and cervical spine formation. It is equivalent to the second week of human pregnancy in the second week of pregnancy. Alcohol can affect the occurrence of nerves and the development of the forehead, middle brain, and posterior brain.Fas related skull abnormalities also occur at this stage.

The second critical period occurred in the middle of human pregnancy. This is also the stage of differentiation of most of the nervous system. The impact of alcohol is mainly reflected in the occurrence of nerves and neuron migration in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus.

The last critical period of alcohol affecting the development of the brain occurred in the late stage of human pregnancy. The impact of this period is mainly to increase the brain size, the proliferation of astrological gum cells and less glue cells, the formation of myelin sheath, nerve nerve, nervesConditions and dendritic structures occur and shape.It is reflected in causing small head deformity, cerebellum and hippocampus abnormalities, severe neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus and cerebral cortex, reducing the occurrence of dendritic structures.

The exposure of alcohol in the fetal son is involved in various levels of the FASD mechanism.include:

l gene damage

l neuronal apoptosis

l Gel cell damage

l neuron plasticity effect

l Nervous endocrine system interference

l Episic genetic impact

l Oxidation should be excited

FASD has a huge burden on individuals, families and society.

In terms of incidence, in the world, different countries, regions, different cultural backgrounds and economic development levels have a huge difference in the incidence of FASD.

At present, only the United States is estimated to be estimated at the national incidence.In the early years of CDC, it estimated that the FAS incidence in the United States was about 1 or 3 of the live -producing babies. The total incidence of FASD was 9.1 of 1,000 live -producing babies, which was roughly 1%.The incidence of FASD is much higher than that of the nervous system such as DOWN syndrome and spinal baptism.

The academic community has always believed that people generally lack awareness of this disease, and the actual incidence should be significantly higher than this data.Sure enough, a survey in the Rocky Mountain community in 2014 found that the comprehensive incidence of only FAS and some FAS was 10.9 to 25.2 /1000 (1.1 % ~ 2.5 %), and the incidence of all FASD was as high as 24 ~ 48 /1000(2.4 % -4.8 %).

This is a very amazing number. There are 3 or 5 alcoholic problems every 100 children, and only 2 are serious.

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