——The content of the content of this issue: China Medical Information Inquiry Platform (https://www.dayi.org.cn/)
Folic acid is a water -soluble B vitamin drug. Folic acid was initially extracted from spinach leaves and purified, so it is called folic acid.
As early as the 1940s, the important nutritional role of folic acid on the human body had been confirmed. If humans lacked folic acid, it could cause giant red blood cell anemia and leukocyte reduction, etc., and may also cause physical weakness, irritability, appetite, and mental symptoms.
For patients with pregnant women, pregnant women, and patients with lack of folic acid, and high campamine, taking folic acid has many benefits, but for people who do not need, a large number of folic acid will cause a series of adverse reactions.
1. Studies have found that folic acid plays a vital role in the growth and development of pregnant women and fetuses.
If pregnant women can replenish folic acid during pregnancy, it can prevent congenital malformations such as newborns, premature birth, and infant cleft palate.
At present, the main folic acid drugs used clinically are folic acid tablets.
2. Pregnant women’s demand for folic acid is much higher than ordinary people, so pregnant women need to start supplementing folic acid in the first three months after pregnancy to ensure the health of the body.
In addition, some studies have shown that taking a variety of vitamins containing folic acid will also reduce the risk of pregnant women suffering from eclampies.
Eclaration is a type of hypertension during pregnancy, which will threaten the safety of pregnant women in severe cases.
3. For patients with folic acid deficiency caused by folic acid deficiency or patients with chronic hemolytic anemia, eating folic acid can correct anemia and lack of folic acid.
However, we must take medicine under the guidance of a doctor, because such patients may need to supplement iron or other B vitamins to achieve better treatment effects.
4. For patients with high cysteine, it can promote the metabolism of the same type cysteine by supplementing folic acid, reduce the concentration of same type of cysteine in the human body, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
However, it is also necessary to take it under the guidance of a doctor, and it is not suitable for long -term application. Long -term application will increase the risk of other diseases. At the same time, it is necessary to regularly go to the hospital for a review during the medication process.
For people with health and no special needs, there are usually no need to take drugs to supplement folic acid.
Because the vegetables and fruits we usually eat contain enough folic acid, and reasonable eating habits can fully meet the needs of human metabolism on folic acid.
If the body does not lack folic acid, long -term drugs supplement folic acid, it will cause adverse reactions such as anorexia, nausea, abdominal distension, and yellow urine. Individuals may have allergic symptoms.
Yu Qi: Director of the Department of Gynecology and Reproductive Center of Peking Union Hospital and Deputy Director, Chief Physician, Professor, and Doctoral Tutor of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Zhang Haiying: Director of Pharmacy Department of Peking University People’s Hospital.https://www.dayi.org.cn/doctor/1151768
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