Anemia is a common complication of expectant mothers in pregnancy.According to the Statistics of the World Health Organization, women of childbearing age have become a special group of anemia.During pregnancy, due to some physiological factors, expectant mothers, or insufficient intake of nutrients such as iron, folic acid, vitamins, etc., the hemoglobin in the blood is insufficient. When the hemoglobin of pregnant women is lower than a certain value, anemia occurs.
Anemia during pregnancy not only affects the health of expectant mothers, but also affects the growth and development of the fetus.Therefore, anemia during pregnancy cannot be underestimated, and expectant mothers should prevent and treat them early.In order to allow expectant mothers to understand the anemia during pregnancy deeper, today I deliberately sorted out the knowledge of anemia during pregnancy for the reference of expectant mothers.
1. What are the common causes of anemia during pregnancy?
(1) Impact of physiological factors during pregnancy
After pregnancy, in order to provide oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, the blood capacity of expectant mothers will increase by an average of 30%-45%from before pregnancy.However, the amount of hematopoietic blood in the blood in the blood is lower than the increase in total blood, the water in the blood is too large, and the blood is relatively diluted, resulting in a reduction in the blood red protein content of prospective mothers, and eventually anemia, the so -called physiological anemia.
(2) Insufficient intake of iron elements
Iron deficiency is another major factor that leads to prospective mothers.After pregnancy, expectant mothers’ demand for iron elements has increased significantly, and most expectant mothers do not store enough iron at the beginning of pregnancy.In addition to meeting their own demand for iron, expectant mothers also need to use some iron to meet the needs of developed babies and placenta. At this time, if mothers do not supplement enough iron substances, anemia is extremely prone to occur.If the expectant mothers are partial or have chronic diseases, they will also cause insufficient iron intake due to insufficient gastric secretion, which will cause anemia.
(3) Folic acid deficiency
Folic acid is not just a vitamin that can prevent fetal baby neurophastin. It also participates in red blood cell synthesis.After pregnancy, the demand for folic acid in expectant mothers has increased from 50-100 micrograms before pregnancy to 150-300 micrograms.However, expectant mothers often affect the intake of folic acid due to the decrease in gastric acid secretion and weakening gastrointestinal peristalsis. In addition, the increase in the discharge of folic acid during pregnancy, which exacerbates the lack of folic acid in the body.As a result, anemia caused by folic acid deficiency.In addition, if expectant mothers eat less animal protein and fresh vegetables in daily diet, anemia will occur due to lack of folic acid.
2. How do expectant mothers judge whether anemia?
If the anemia of pregnant women is mild and not aware of any obvious symptoms, you need to go to the hospital for a special blood test to confirm whether anemia.Generally speaking, pregnant women’s serum iron protein and hemoglobin tests are the most sensitive indicators.When serum iron protein is lower than 12 micrograms/liters or hemoglobin is less than 110 grams/liter, it can be diagnosed as pregnant women’s anemia.Therefore, it is very important to attach importance to the screening of anemia during pregnancy, and hematic biochemical examination is a more reliable criterion.
What are the effects of anemia during pregnancy?
Anemia during pregnancy will not only damage the health of expectant mothers, but also adversely affect the growth and development of the baby.Specifically reflected:
(1) For expectant mothers: If the expectant mothers have anemia during pregnancy, it will lead to a reduction in autoimmunity, poor disease resistance, and increase the chances of various infections. At the same time, After delivery, there are more bad endings.In addition, the anemia during pregnancy will also reduce the tolerance of expectant mothers for blood loss, so that even if the amount of bleeding in the early childhood delivery of prospective mothers may cause shock and death due to the decline in tolerance.
(2) For fetal baby: expectant mothers during pregnancy will cause placental support and nutrients that cannot meet the growth needs of the fetus and cause limited growth of the fetus, which makes the baby born in full moon less than 5 pounds, causing congenital insufficiency.The acquired body is weak and disease, and respiratory tract and digestive tract infections are prone to occur.In addition, the expectant mothers with anemia often make the fetal baby unable to withstand the hypoxic state caused by the shrinkage of the uterine array, and it is easy to suffocate in the palace.
4. How to prevent and treat anemia during pregnancy?
(1) Eat more iron -containing foods
After preparation and pregnancy, expectant mothers should pay attention to eating more foods with more iron -containing substances, such as lean meat, poultry, animal liver and blood (duck blood, pig blood), eggs, soy products, spinach, amaranth, amaranth, and amaranth,Tomato, red dates and other iron -rich foods; eat more pasta for the staple food. The pasta contains more rice with iron, and the intestinal absorption is better than rice.
(2) Eating more foods that help iron absorption
Fruits and vegetables can not only supplement iron, but also the vitamin C can also promote the absorption of iron in the intestine.Therefore, while eating rich iron foods, it is best to eat more fruits and vegetables together, and it also has a good iron supplementation effect.
(3) Make cooking more iron cooking utensils
Try to use iron pots and shovels when cooking. These traditional cooking utensils will produce some small fragmented iron chips dissolved in food when cooking, forming soluble iron salt, which can easily absorb iron in the intestine.
(4) Eat more rich folic acid foods
Take folic acid supplements from the first three months of pregnancy until 3 months after pregnancy.Pay attention to eating folic acid foods, such as liver, kidney, green leafy vegetables and fish, eggs, valley, soy products, nuts, etc.In addition, be careful not to cook too much when cooking, and it is not advisable to cook for too long.And to prevent folic acid tablets from three months to three months of pregnancy.
(5) Go to a prenatal medical examination on time
During the pregnancy, the check -ups should be checked at least in the middle and later pregnancy of the pregnancy, and the hemoglobin can be detected repeatedly repeatedly.
(6) Take an iron supplement preparation
Iron is the essential mineral of the body, which plays an important role in nourishing blood and ensuring the health of pregnant women.Although the pregnant woman’s body during pregnancy can absorb iron more effectively, the iron only takes the iron from the diet during pregnancy, and sometimes it cannot meet the physical needs. For pregnant women with obvious iron deficiency anemia, you can choose to take the stomach under the guidance of a doctor.The intestine is easy to accept and absorb iron, to correct the condition of anemia and ensure the health of maternal and infants.
(7) Diversity of diet, balanced nutrition
Specific mothers should pursue diversification of food as much as possible in their daily diet. They can often eat milk, carrots, and egg yolks, and eat more fruit and vegetables rich in vitamin C.At the same time, if expectant mothers usually have the habit of picking eaters, try to change as much as possible, and strive to be balanced in the nutrition of food intake.
(8) You must be happy
Mother -in -law’s good emotions can not only enhance their own immunity, but also promote the bone marrow hematopoietic function in the bones in the body, thereby preventing anemia.
Through today’s sharing, we know that the health of anemia during pregnancy is not good for the health of mothers and fetal baby, so everyone must prevent and treat it in time, and must not be careless.Okay, I will talk to you here today. If you have any questions, please leave a message ~