There are a lot of rumors such as "pregnant women cannot eat crabs", "pregnant women cannot eat crayfish", "pregnant women cannot eat hot pot", "pregnant women cannot eat soy products", "pregnant women cannot eat anti -season fruits and vegetables", "pregnant women cannot eat soy sauce",Most of the sayings such as "pregnant women can’t eat ice cream", most of them have no basis, and Hu edited or far -fetched.The folk habit is that once you are pregnant, you must have some dietary taboos to show that it is not that at this time.
So, should you pay special attention to some foods during pregnancy to avoid risk to the tender fetus?The answer is yes.These foods mainly involve wine, coffee, tea, sweets, beverages and other special ways of eating.
1. Wine, there is no "security"
Regardless of liquor, beer, red wine, rice wine, rice wine, the main ingredients are alcohol (ethanol), but the alcohol content is different.
It is well known to the fetus harmful to the fetus.After pregnant women drink alcohol, alcohol quickly enters the fetus through the placenta. In severe cases, fetal malformations can cause fetal malformations, such as brain, heart, spine deformity, and head and facial deformity, such as jaw, small eyes, short nose, lack of hearing.Alcohol can also damage brain cells, reduce the number of brain cells, abnormal structure and function of the brain, and causes low intelligence to varying degrees.Therefore, pregnant women should not drink or drink alcoholic beverages.Drinking during pregnancy does not have the so -called "safety quantity". Any amount may damage the fetus. The more risks, the greater the risk.
Not only do pregnant women should not drink alcohol, women should quit alcohol when preparing for pregnancy, otherwise they will affect conception or cause miscarriage.Not only women, but husbands also have to quit alcohol while preparing for pregnancy.The couple who are preparing to give birth should quit smoking and alcohol 3 to 6 months before pregnancy. This is the most basic requirement for eugenics and excellence.In addition, women should not drink during breastfeeding.
2. Unde -cooked meat or fish and shrimp
From the perspective of food safety, pregnant women cannot eat without cooked meat, fish and shrimp, and seafood.In addition to bacterial pollution and ordinary parasitic infections, these meats and fish and shrimp that have not been completely heated may also carry a special, invisible parasitic -bowworm.Generally, toxoplasma is not harmful to ordinary people, but if pregnant women are infected with Toxoplasma, they will cause trouble. Especially for the first time during pregnancy, it may be transmitted to the fetus and causes serious problems such as abortion, death and birth defects.Therefore, pregnant women cannot eat unsatisfactory meat and aquatic products. When eating hot pot, pay special attention to completely heating and cooked, let alone eat fish raw or raw meat.Rinse carefully to avoid cross -pollution.
In addition to the unpredictable meat and aquatic products, the feces of the cat infected with the toxoplasma worms are also an important source of infection. Pregnant women should try to contact cat litter (cat’s feces) as much as possible. After contacting any animals, they should wash their hands carefully.
Pregnant women can drink coffee.For the sake of insurance, ingestion of caffeine per day should not exceed 200 mg (equivalent to 2, 3 cups of speed -dissolved small packaging coffee).The caffeine content of different types of coffee is very different. A cup of coffee shops (250 ~ 280 ml) of a coffee shop is grinding coffee, which contains 150 to 200 mg of caffeine.
Drinking coffee in pregnant women often increase the frequency of fetal movement and increase the amplitude, but no substantial harm is found.When the fetus is found to be excited (the fetal movement increases significantly), it is necessary to stop drinking coffee.Even if the fetus does not show obvious excitement, pay attention to monitor the development of the fetus. If you find that the fetus is slower (less than the gestational week), you should stop drinking coffee.
Tea is usually regarded as a healthy drink, but for pregnant women, the situation is different.Generally, pregnant women are not advocated to drink strong tea.Of course, there are no signs that drinking a cup of tea every day will cause substantial harm.But in theory, pregnant women drink tea and benefit less.
First, drinking tea cannot provide nutrients for pregnant women.Edible nutrients in tea, such as protein, vitamins, minerals, etc. are all minimal.The benefits of tea mainly contain tea polyphenols.Tea polyphenols have many health effects, such as anti -aging, lowering blood lipids, arteriosclerosis, anti -cancer, etc., but it is not a nutrients necessary for maternal or fetal.
Secondly, drinking tea may adversely affect pregnant women and fetuses.On the one hand, it can inhibit the absorption of iron and protein in the body of tea polyphenols, tea alkali and other substances; on the other hand, tea contains caffeine, and caffeine has an excited effect on the mother and fetus.
5. Sugar and sweets
Among natural food, there are many sweet tastes due to high sugar content, such as various fruits, honey, sugar cane, beet, etc.The sugar in these foods is healthy, and pregnant women can choose with confidence and at will.
With the development of the food processing industry, a variety of purified or produced sugars such as sucrose (sugar), fructose, maltose, fructose, malt syrup, etc. have emerged in large quantities, and are widely used in packaging food to create sweetness.Biscuits, bread, sugar bags, bean paste, dumplings, hemps, eight treasure porridge, egg rolls, pie, rice cakes, rice cakes, jelly, preserved fruits, preserved fruits, oatmeal, sesame paste, soy milk powder, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, walnut paste, Breakfast milk, flavor milk, and various beverages contain added sugar.Excessive sugar intake leads to obesity, dental caries, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, which attracts more and more attention.
The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015 updated the guidelines for sugar. The new guide recommends that the daily sugar intake is not more than 25 grams.25 grams of sugar include all "free sugar" (excluding vegetables, fruits, and milk species of sugar (excluding vegetables, fruits and milk) added to all manufacturers, chefs or consumers.Pregnant women should restrict sugar or sweets, so as not to cause gestational diabetes.
From the perspective of controlling sugar intake and reducing food additive intake, drinks should be drank less or not.There are many types of drinks, but their basic components are relatively similar. In addition to moisture, it is mainly sugar (0%to 15%) and various food additives (such as preservatives, sweeteners, pigments, spices, stabilizers, stabilizers, Thicker, etc.).Some also contain a small amount of nutrients, such as protein, vitamins and minerals.The nutritional value of beverage is very low, and it is a typical high -energy and low -nutrition junk food.Pregnant women should drink less or not drink, especially drinking with drinks instead of drinking water.