Smoking is not good for "lung"
If you think smoking is just hurting the lungs
The harm of smoking is far more than that
Data show that the number of smokers in my country exceeds 300 million, and the smoking rate of people in the age of 15 and above is 26.6%. Among them, the smoking rate of adult men is as high as 50.5%, that is, one of each two adult men is a smoker.
Hundreds of ingredients in smoke are harmful to the human body
Smoking is seriously harmful to physical health.Among the tobacco smoke produced by smoking, more than 7,000 kinds of chemical ingredients are found. Among them, hundreds of ingredients have been found to be harmful to the human body, including at least 69 carcinogens (thick rings aromatic hydrocarbons, N-nitrine, aromatic amine, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde, formaldehyde0, Lead-210, 钋 -210, etc.), as well as nicotine that causes tobacco dependence.Hundreds of harmful substances contained in tobacco tobacco are damaged the human body in prototype, and some are chemically reacting with other substances in the body and other substances in the body, which derives new harmful substances to damage the human body.Smoking can be pathogenic as the main factor, such as 69 carcinogenic substances can directly lead to cancer.Smoking can also compound disease with other factors or to increase the susceptibility to certain diseases by increasing smokers. For example, by reducing the disease resistance of the respiratory tract, the pathogenic microorganism is easy to invade and infection, thereby increasing the risk of respiratory tract infection.The "China Smoking Harm Health Report" states that half of the smokers will die early due to smoking, and the average life expectancy of smokers will be shortened by 10 years than those who do not smoke.Tobacco lost more than 1 million people in my country each year. If it does not take effective action, it is expected to increase to 2 million people per year by 2030, and by 2050 to 3 million people per year.Tobacco hazards have become unbearable for the people of the people to live in the health and socioeconomic development of the people.
Smoking can cause chronic respiratory diseases
Smoking will have an impact on respiratory immune function, lung structure and lung function, causing a variety of chronic respiratory diseases.There are sufficient evidence that smoking can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory infection, tuberculosis, and multiple intercorded pulmonary diseases. The greater the amount of smoking, the longer the smoking period, and the higher the risk of diseases.In addition, there is evidence that smoking can increase the risk of bronchial asthma, abnormal pneumatic function, venous thrombosis (pulmonary embolism), sleep apnea, and pneumoconiosis.
Smoking can cause malignant tumors
Tobacco tobacco contains 69 known carcinogens.These carcinogens can trigger mutations in key genes in the body, and the normal growth control mechanism is imbalanced, which eventually leads to the occurrence of cell cancer and malignant tumors.There is sufficient evidence that smoking can cause lung cancer, oral and oral and nodysis, malignant tumors, laryngeal cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, kidney cancer, etc.The longer the smoking period, the higher the risk of disease.In addition, there is evidence that smoking can increase the risk of acute leukemia, nasopharyngeal cancer, colorectal cancer, and breast cancer.
Smoking can cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases
Smoking can damage vascular endothelial function, can cause the occurrence of atherosclerosis, narrowing the arterial vascular cavity, blocked arterial blood flow, and causing a variety of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.There are sufficient evidence that smoking can cause atherosclerosis, coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and the greater the amount of smoking, the longer the smoking period, and the higher the risk of the disease.In addition, there is evidence that smoking can increase the risk of hypertension.
Smoking can cause diabetes
Smoking can inhibit the production of insulin and affect islet function.There are sufficient evidence that smoking can cause type 2 diabetes, the greater the smoking volume, the longer the smoking period, and the higher the risk of the disease.
Smoking harm to reproductive health
Tobacco tobacco contains a variety of harmful substances that can affect human reproduction and development.Smoking can damage genetic materials and cause adverse effects on endocrine systems, fallopian tube functions, placental function, immune function, pregnant women and fetal cardiovascular systems and fetal tissue organs.There are sufficient evidence that women’s smoking can reduce the chance of conception, leading to the premature placenta, placental peeling, limited fetal growth, low birth weight of newborn, and sudden infant death syndrome.In addition, there is evidence that smoking can also cause erectile dysfunction, ectopic pregnancy and natural abortion.In addition, there is sufficient evidence that smoking can cause hip fractures, periodontitis, cataract, poor surgical wounds, and post -surgical respiratory complications, skin aging, and pylori pylori infection can cause digestive ulcers.In addition, there is evidence that smoking can cause dementia.
Second -hand smoke exposure does not have a "safety level"
Second -hand smoke refers to the mainstream tobacco tobacco spit out during the smoker, as well as the side -flowing tobacco smoke from cigarettes or other flammable tobacco products, and a mixture of the air.Second -hand smoke also contains hundreds of toxic chemicals, including carcinogens, heavy metals, nitrosamines and polygon aromatic hydrocarbons, and so on.The exposure of non -smokers to second -hand smoke will also increase the risk of multiple smoking -related diseases.There is sufficient evidence that second -hand smoke exposure can lead to lung cancer, smoke dislike, nasal irritation symptoms and coronary heart disease.The exposure of second -hand smoke exposure to pregnant women and children’s health is particularly serious.There is sufficient evidence that the exposure of pregnant women to second -hand smoke can lead to sudden infant death syndrome and fetal birth low weight.In addition, there is evidence that the exposure of pregnant women to second -hand smoke can also cause premature birth, neonatal tube deformity and cleft lip and palate.Children’s exposure to second -hand smoke can cause diseases such as respiratory tract infection, bronchial asthma, decreased lung function, acute otitis media, recurrence otitis media, and chronic medium effusion.It is also important to emphasize that the exposure of second -hand smoke does not have the so -called "safety level", that is, exposed to second -hand smoke in a short time will also harm the health of the human body; even if there are ventilation devices such as exhaust fans and air -conditioningNon -smokers inhale second -hand smoke, so it is the only effective way to avoid smoking from the harm of second -hand smoke.
Tobacco dependence is a brain disease
When the smoker inhaled Nicotine in the tobacco, nicotine will quickly enter the smoker’s brain center with the blood of the smoker in 10 seconds, combined with the nicotine receptor in the brain, stimulating the sharp and short -term release of dopamine, and dopamine can make people produce people produce people.Happy pleasure.However, this role will soon disappear, so that smokers have irritability, irritability and other reactions when they do not smoke, and their instinctual desire is to smoke again.This is tobacco dependence.Tobacco dependence is not a behavioral habit, but a chronic disease.Tobacco dependence is an important reason for the lasting smoking smokers.According to the "China Clinical Smoking Guidelines (2015 Edition)", if you show at least 3 of the following 6 items in the past year, it means that you have developed tobacco dependence and you need to treat: ① strong desire for smoking; ② difficult to control controlSmoking behavior; ③ After stopping smoking or reducing the amount of smoking, sometimes abstinence symptoms occur; ④ Tobacco tolerance performance, that is, the amount of smoking is needed to get the smoking experience that can be obtained by the amount of smoke in the past; ⑤And abandoning or reducing other activities and preferences; ⑥ Smoking with smoking regardless of the dangers of smoking.In addition, imaging studies have found that smoking can cause tobacco dependence of the patient’s brain structure and functional changes, manifested as gray -white atrophy, and abnormal neuroma of the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, and edge lobe.Addiction is a chronic disease, and the lesions are in the brain.Although the harm of tobacco to health has been fully confirmed, many smokers know that smoking is harmful and still "inhale", and some tobacco dependers cannot quit smoking even after suffering from smoking -related diseases.The reason is that the concept of "tobacco dependence is a disease and requires treatment" has not been established. Some smokers want to quit smoking, but they do not choose to go to the hospital because they do not realize that smoking addiction is a disease.
Quit smoking online is popular
The only means to reduce smoking to health hazards is to quit smoking or avoid second -hand smoke exposure. The longer the smoking quitting time, the greater the health benefit.So how should we scientifically quit smoking?There are currently scientific and effective treatment methods including psychological intervention, behavioral therapy and smoking cessation drugs.For non -addictive smokers, you can rely on perseverance to quit smoking.However, for smokers with tobacco dependence, when Nichotine does not reach the level of "needs" the human body in the brain, people will have various abstinence symptoms such as depression, irritability, and unimplexing spirit. These symptoms will eventually eventually will eventually beAs a result, smoking quit fails.Therefore, seeking professional smoking quit help can help improve the success of smoking cessation.The doctor of smoking cessation clinic will first evaluate the tobacco dependencers, including smoking, addiction, and willingness to quit smoking, and then formulate personalized smoking cessation treatment plans for individual conditions, including prescription smoking quit drugs, behavioral intervention, and providing smoking cessation consultation.After that, doctors will follow up with the smokers to understand their smoking cessation and help solve problems encountered in the process of quitting.Under the guidance of medical staff, accepting the treatment of effective drugs that have been clearly confirmed can reduce the smoking desire of smoking and effectively alleviate discomfort in the process of quitting, and help smokers to improve the success rate of smoking quit.In addition, with the continuous development of the Internet technology, mobile health technology has also enriched and expanded the existing patient’s treatment and management model, providing a convenient means to monitor, supervise, evaluate, and evaluate patients to some extent.The problems caused by inconvenient transportation, etc., also reduced medical expenses.Smokers can register online through mobile quitting projects and get personalized smoking cessation help.
Source: Human Health