Mediterranean anemia is an autologous hidden inheritance of blood disease, also known as "marine anemia".Because it is a genetic disease, blood nourishing or blood transfusion can only cure the standards and cannot cure the root cause.What should a pregnant woman who suffers from thalassemia?
There are two types of Mediterranean anemia in pregnant women, namely type A (α) and type B (β).Mediterranean anemia is an autologous hidden inheritance of blood disease, also known as "marine anemia".Because it is a genetic disease, blood nourishing or blood transfusion can only cure the standards and cannot cure the root cause.The proportion of Mediterranean -type anemia is quite high. About 100 people have genes with this disease, but they may not be onset.The proportion of the original anemia in the Mediterranean -type anemia is relatively low, and 1 of about 100 people in Taiwan has a kind of genetic gene.
Generally speaking, if a pregnant woman has a chance of thalassemia and the treatment method, if there is only one gene with a Mediterranean anemia in the husband and wife, the fetus will not have serious or fatal consequences.However, if both sides have hidden genes, the fetus may have a 1/4 chance of getting serious or fatal anemia. The chance of 1/2 is the same as that of the parents, but it will not be fatal or seriously affecting health.The probability of pregnant women may be completely normal.
Therefore, during the first prenatal examination of pregnant women, doctors will ask the doctor to check the average volume of blood pigment, blood capacity, and red blood cells (MCV) to screen out whether the pregnant woman has a Mediterranean anemia.If the average volume of red blood cells is lower than 80, the couple must be checked at the same time.Unfortunately, if the husband and wife also have genes with the same meal anemia at the same time, pregnant women must be tested by pellet tests or shellasia puncture or fetal umbilical cord blood to analyze the fetal genes.
Pregnant women with severe thalassemia Severe pregnant women have been checked that the fetus has severe thalassemia. It is best to apply artificial abortion to terminate pregnancy.Because such a child may be in the abdomen, or the fetal edema may occur at the end of pregnancy, and he dies shortly after birth. Even if he can barely survive, he will need to be transfused for a long time or accept bone marrow transplantation for a long time in the future.Conversely, if the results of the examination indicate that the genes of the fetus are normal or belong to a mild Mediterranean anemia, they can continue to be pregnant with pregnancy.